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Title :現代中国における"adj+下去" "adj+起来"の意味と時間性について
Title alternative :A study of "adj+descending" and "adj+ascending" in modern Chinese in semantics and time
Authors :梁, 玥
Authors alternative :Liang, Yue
Issue Date :30-Nov-2017
Abstract :The “ascending” and “descending” in modern Chinese can not only be used as predicates, but also can be used as directional verbs followed by verbs and adjectives. Following the adjective, the verbs indicate the quality and state of the object and also have temporal meaning. So far, the study with time as an object is very rare. In this paper, it marks the structure of the “adjective + directional verb” with the form of “adj + descending” and “adj + ascending”, taking the time characteristics into the exploration content, and discusses the similarities and differences in the two aspects of semantics and time. On the semantic side, the “adj + descending” indicates the downward continuation and parallel continuation. The downward continuation implies the negative semantics, while the parallel continuation implies the positive semantics. On the other hand, “ adj + ascending” means the beginning of ascending and the process of ascending. The beginning and process of ascending carries positive semantics. In time, the downward continuation can be further divided into the continuation of the state and the persistence of the result. Parallel continuation only indicates the continuation of the state. On the other hand, the temporal characteristics of “ adj + ascending” is: if it is the beginning of ascending, it is persistence of the properties or degree; if it is the process of ascending, it is continuation.
Type Local :紀要論文
ISSN :18838987
Publisher :鹿児島国際大学大学院
Citation :鹿児島国際大学大学院学術論集 Vol.9 p.83 -93
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